City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
0 like 0 dislike
41 views
asked Jun 20 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,470 points) | 41 views

1 Answer

0 like 0 dislike
To express the endpoint or goal of an action denoted by an Activity verb, Chinese uses the resultative complement, which is added to an Activity verb to form an RVC. For example: ‘zuò’ (do, make) versus ‘zuòwán’ (finish doing/ making), ‘chī’ (eat) versus ‘chībǎo’ (eat and as a result to become full). The Activity verbs are unmarked, they picture the actions as a process without an inherent endpoint. By contrast, their corresponding RVCs are marked for the semantic feature of Result, namely, they make specific claim that the actions are to be perceived from the viewpoint of their Results. The function of the resultative complement is to signal result by adding the notion of endpoint or goal to the actions, thus converting unbounded situations into Accomplishments. An RVC in the perfective aspect expresses attainment of the goal or achievement of the result.

[1] Loar, J. K. (2011). Chinese syntactic grammar: functional and conceptual principles. New York: Peter Lang.
answered Jun 20 by Ariel (34,470 points)

1,435 questions

1,732 answers

21 comments

11,677 users

1,435 questions
1,732 answers
21 comments
11,677 users