City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Oct 20 in Questions about English Grammar by M (4,170 points) | 34 views

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Topic-coding constructions, as exemplified below, can be adopted in spoken or written English:

1. Existential-presentative constructions:

e.g., 

There is a man here who wants to see you.

Right in front of us towered the cliffs

2. Left dislocation

e.g., 

John, I saw him there yesterday.

3. Right dislocation

e.g.,

She brought them back, yeah, some of those books.

4. Dative-shifting

e.g.,

She gave the book to him. -> She gave him the book.

5. Raising

e.g.,      

We consider that he is honest. (Unraised)

We consider him honest. (Raised to object)

He is considered honest. (Raised to subject)

Reference

Givón, Talmy. 1993. English Grammar: A function-based introduction (Vol. 1 & 2). John Benjamins Publishing.

answered Oct 20 by M (4,170 points)
edited Oct 20 by M

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