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Making Sense of Grammar
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在分詞構句中使用進行貌有何意義?

asked Jan 30, 2018 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (25,240 points) | 735 views

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一般的分詞構句常使用進行貌,表示「共時發生」的關係。這和敘述結構分為前景焦點(foreground)和背景說明(background)有關。通常做為前景的主要事件會有清楚的時間標記(過去、現在、未來或習慣),而作為背景的次要事件則可用進行貌,表示同一時間發生的「共時」事件:

I mopped the floor and cleaned the bathroom, listening to the Bee Gees.

→ I mopped the floor and cleaned the bathroom while listening to the Bee Gees.

主要子句中帶有過去式標記的動作,用來說明主線內容,表達前景焦點,而進行中的現在分詞是附屬子句,交代「共時發生」的背景事件。

Related question: 現在分詞和過去分詞有何不同?

https://goo.gl/uSfLzt

answered Jan 30, 2018 by admin (25,240 points)
edited Mar 26, 2018 by admin

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993 questions
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13 comments
7,389 users