City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Dec 1, 2021 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by M (4,230 points) | 36 views

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Schematically, directional resultative verb compounds can be visualized as

V1 (Displacement verb) -V2 (Direction verb)

With respect to the Displacement verb, it can be categorized into three types.

Type 1: A verb signalling motion: 走, 跑, 流, 飞, 滚

Type 2: An action verb that inherently implies that the direct object undergoes a change of location: 搬, 扔, 送, 寄, 领, 举, 推

Type 3: An action verb that may cause the direct object to undergoes displacement:打

Regarding the Direction verb, it also can be classified into three types:

Type 1: includes two verbs: 来, 去

Type 2: includes eight verbs, each of which has a directional meaning when it occurs in an RVC in addition to a verbal meaning when it occurs as an independent verb: 上,下, 进, 去, 回, 过, 开

Type 3: it is formed with a verb of the second type and followed by a verb of the first type. For example, 上来, 上去.

Reference

Li, C. N., & Thompson, S. A. (1989). Mandarin Chinese: A functional reference grammar (Vol. 3). Univ of California Press.

answered Dec 1, 2021 by M (4,230 points)

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