City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
1 like 0 dislike
1,240 views

How to use relative clauses in Chinese?

asked Feb 13, 2018 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by admin (25,540 points) | 1,240 views

1 Answer

0 like 0 dislike

In Chinese, the phrase-structure rule for a relative clause can be rewritten as:
NP→(DP) S + DE (的) + (ADJ) N.

 

Note that the adjective modifying the head noun must be placed right after the relative marker DE (的).

Ex: 你的白馬 (n˘ı de b´ai m˘a/ Your white horse.)

Furthermore, the argument in a relative clause that is co-referential with the head noun must be omitted. For instance, in the relative clause 剛買的馬 (g¯ang m˘ai de m˘a/ the horse that was just bought), the head noun  (m˘a/ horse) is co-referential with the undergoer of the verb  (m˘ai/ to buy) in the relative clause and thus omitted within the clause.

Reference: Chinese: a linguistic introduction by Chao Fen Sun

answered Feb 13, 2018 by admin (25,540 points)
edited Apr 26, 2018 by admin

1,634 questions

1,883 answers

85 comments

77,213 users

1,634 questions
1,883 answers
85 comments
77,213 users