City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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哪些句式可以用來表達「非事實」?
asked Feb 21, 2018 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (25,520 points) | 1,031 views

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下列句式無論使用什麼動詞,都必然表達「非事實」:

情態句:You may take any of these.

疑問句:Do you have any idea?

否定句:I don't have any money.

命令句:Take any of these!

未來式:I will do anything for you.

條件句:If you take any of these,...

不定詞補語:I promise to take any of your advice.

這些非事實有個共通點,就是「尚未實際發生」。既然尚未發生,事件的參與者就有可能不確定,有可能是任何人,所以都可以和 any 合用。但對於已實際發生的事,參與者是確定的,就不可能是 anyone 或 anything。

Related question: any 只能用在否定句或疑問句嗎?

https://goo.gl/AinyRp

answered Feb 21, 2018 by admin (25,520 points)
edited Mar 26, 2018 by admin

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