City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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什麽是主格?什麽是受格?爲什麽要區分主格和受格?
asked Oct 26, 2017 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (25,170 points)
edited Dec 1, 2017 by admin | 1,789 views

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主格、受格的格(case)代表一種構式標記,目的是爲了表達不同的溝通角色。主格標記的是擔任動作「主導者」的主詞,受格標記的是擔任「受影響者」的受詞。雖然英文的基本詞序 SVO 已可清楚表達何者為主詞和受詞,但在使用代名詞時,主詞和受詞的形式仍有區別:

[ He/ She / I / You / They / We / You all ] 主格

chased 

[ him / her / me / you / them / us / you all ] 受格

區分主格和受格涉及到語法標記的多重選擇,針對同一溝通需要,語言可以采取多重標記方式。使用代名詞時,爲了避免角色混淆,英文選擇在基本詞序之外,也同時在詞形上做區別,利用主格受格的詞形變化來強調角色的不同,這就是所謂的「雙重標記」方式。

answered Oct 26, 2017 by admin (25,170 points)
edited Dec 1, 2017 by admin

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