Making Sense of Grammar
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被動句有哪些溝通特點?
asked Mar 6 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (19,380 points)

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就溝通功能而言,被動句的使用表達了以下四個特點:

1. 主控者的重要性降低 → 受影響者的重要性提高

下列幾種原因會讓主控者的重要性降低,講者會傾向從「受影響者」的角度來描述事件:

主控者不詳 → He was killed in an accident.

主控者已經提過 → The students went into the stadium and soon the whole place was packed.

主控者不須言明 → The bus was parked in the garage.

主控者相當於所有的人 → It is known that the Earth is the third planet from the Sun.

主控者刻意被隱藏 → The window is broken.

2. 維持連貫的主題焦點 → 主題剛好是受影響者

I have a dog whose name is Spark. He likes cats but is always chased by them.

為了將焦點放在同一主題上,第二個句子中使用被動式,讓「我的狗」之角色雖然變成被動仍持續作為主詞。

3. 描述動作造成的結果狀態 → 動作狀態化

一般而言,主動句是描述「動作」,但被動句是描述動作發生造成的「狀態」。就其標記而言,以 Be 動詞為首,再加上過去分詞。

He was promoted yesterday.

4. 淡化人的主動性 → 強化事實結果的客觀性

被動句可以隱藏個人的主觀性與操控性,彰顯敘事立論的客觀公允

→ It is found that English behaves differently from Chinese.

Related question: 同一事件以主動或被動描述有何不同?

https://goo.gl/JFvhdb

answered Mar 6 by admin (19,380 points)
edited Mar 26 by admin
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