City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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現在分詞和過去分詞有何不同?
asked Mar 8, 2018 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (23,690 points)

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就語意而言,現在分詞應該稱為「主動分詞」,因為現在分詞和主語間是主動的關係;過去分詞該稱為「被動分詞」,因為分詞和主語間是被動的關係:

主動分詞: Introducing his wife, he spoke loudly to the audience.

                 → He introduced his wife.

被動分詞:Introduced by her husband, she smiled and waved to the audience.

                 → She was introduced.

分詞作為形容詞時,依舊保持主動、被動的區別:

主動:some encouraging words → 激勵人的話

被動:an encouraged child → 受到激勵的孩子

Related question: 在分詞構句中使用進行貌有何意義?

https://goo.gl/sqArW9

answered Mar 8, 2018 by admin (23,690 points)
edited Mar 26, 2018 by admin
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