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Making Sense of Grammar
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What are the features of the nominal following BA in BA (把) construction?

asked Mar 12, 2018 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by admin (23,690 points)
edited Mar 26, 2018 by admin

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The nominal after bă is typically an affected undergoer. For instance, in the sentence 他把一本書撕成兩半 (tā bǎ yī běn shū sī chéng liǎng bàn/ He tore a book into two pieces.), the nominal 一本書 is affected, resulting from its being torn into two pieces.

Secondly, the nominal after b˘a (把) must be semantically specific, generic, or definite.

Furthermore, the predicate of the event must indicate a change of state. Verbs without an end of the event is not allowed. For instance, *他把一本書賣了 is ungrammatical, as it’s impossible to indicate a change of state involving an entity not existing in a given discourse. In short, referential constraint signifies that the referent of the nominal marked by bă (把) must exist in the discourse.  

Reference: Chinese: a linguistic introduction by Chao Fen Sun

answered Mar 12, 2018 by admin (23,690 points)
edited Apr 26, 2018 by admin
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