Making Sense of Grammar
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What are the features of the nominal following BA in BA (把) construction?

asked Mar 12 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by admin (19,380 points)
edited Mar 26 by admin

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The nominal after bă is typically an affected undergoer. For instance, in the sentence 他把一本書撕成兩半 (tā bǎ yī běn shū sī chéng liǎng bàn/ He tore a book into two pieces.), the nominal 一本書 is affected, resulting from its being torn into two pieces.

Secondly, the nominal after b˘a (把) must be semantically specific, generic, or definite.

Furthermore, the predicate of the event must indicate a change of state. Verbs without an end of the event is not allowed. For instance, *他把一本書賣了 is ungrammatical, as it’s impossible to indicate a change of state involving an entity not existing in a given discourse. In short, referential constraint signifies that the referent of the nominal marked by bă (把) must exist in the discourse.  

Reference: Chinese: a linguistic introduction by Chao Fen Sun

answered Mar 12 by admin (19,380 points)
edited Apr 26 by admin
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