City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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介系詞 to 有哪些標記特色?
asked Mar 19, 2018 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (23,690 points)

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To 主要是標記由 A 點趨向 B 點的空間位移,有明確的方向性,後面接的大多是「空間標的」如 I went to the park. 然而,經由時空轉換的認知機制,其後的空間目標可變為時間上的目標,如 I look forward to seeing you. 進一步來說,to 後面可接任何具有「目標對象」涵義之人物,如 I wrote a letter to him. 再進一步,可延伸至非實體的結果或理想趨向:

空間趨向:I go to the supermarket every day.

時間趨向:It's a quarter to five.

人物趨向:I gave the book to John.

結果趨向:I was moved to tears.

夢想趨向:I live up to my dream.

在這些多樣的延伸用法中,to 的核心語意仍保持不變,標示行動的趨向目標。

answered Mar 19, 2018 by admin (23,690 points)
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