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Making Sense of Grammar
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介系詞與介副詞有何不同?

asked Mar 22, 2018 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (23,690 points)

2 Answers

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這兩者最大的不同在於,介系詞是「介詞」,介副詞是「副詞」。介詞是「介於」名詞之間,後面一定要有名詞;副詞是修飾動詞,語意與動詞相關,但位置可以變動。所以介系詞一定要跟著名詞走,介副詞卻可以自由移動。

介系詞後面要接名詞:He turned to his boss for help.

介副詞可以自由行動:

I turned on the computer. → 放在名詞前面,強調名詞訊息

I turned it on. → 放在代名詞後面,強調 on

The computer is on. → 單獨出現,表結果狀態

介副詞表達既像副詞又像介系詞的兩種語意:既標記動詞相關的副詞語意,也標記名詞相關的空間狀態。但是因為介副詞是副詞,所以可以單獨出現,表達結果狀態。

介系詞不能脫離名詞單獨存在:I put the book on the table. → 不能說 The book is on

介副詞可以單獨出現,表達結果狀態:I turned on the microphone. → The microphone is on.

Related question: 為什麼介副詞要放在名詞前、代名詞後?

https://goo.gl/FXsmyS

answered Mar 22, 2018 by admin (23,690 points)
edited Mar 26, 2018 by admin
0 votes
介系词后接动名词,介副词可用于修饰动词。
answered Mar 14 by 118030300122zcy (470 points)
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