City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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為什麼 be afraid of 和 be amazed at 使用不同的介系詞?

asked Mar 22, 2018 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (23,690 points)

1 Answer

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欲了解情緒狀態為什麼要接上不同的介系詞,我們必須先理解介系詞的原型概念:

I'm afraid of math. → because of/ full of → 表達「成因內含」

I'm interested in math. → in a realm → 表達「沉浸其中」

I'm amazed at his math ability. → at the target → 表達「目標對象」

I'm attracted by his math ability. → by force → 表達「助力來源」

不同的介系詞由其原型語意出發,和情緒動詞所側重的語意結合,而產生不同的用法。

Related question: In, on, at 等介系詞如何應用於抽象概念?

https://goo.gl/oFy8eX

answered Mar 22, 2018 by admin (23,690 points)
edited Mar 26, 2018 by admin
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