City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
+2 votes
為什麼過去完成式常和過去式併用?
asked Mar 26, 2018 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (23,690 points)
edited Mar 29, 2018 by admin

1 Answer

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過去完成式要和過去式並用的原因在於「完成式」需要一個「參照點」:過去式所標記的事件剛好作為過去的參照點。有了參照點,才能表達「過去完成式」,亦即動作在「過去式」之前已經完成了。例如:
I had married my husband [before I went abroad].
→ went abroad 就是過去的參照點,had married 在此之前已完成了

Related question: 何謂「完成式」?

https://goo.gl/LDBddq

answered Mar 26, 2018 by admin (23,690 points)
edited Mar 26, 2018 by admin
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