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Making Sense of Grammar
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What kind of paired adverbs are frequently used in connecting adverbial clauses?

asked Mar 27, 2018 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by admin (25,520 points)
edited Mar 27, 2018 by admin | 429 views

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Some adverbial clauses are linked by semantically-paired adverbial connectors. These connectors include adverbs like 不但 (b´ud`an/ although) used together with a backward-linking adverb 而且 (´erqi˘e/ also) in the main clause; 雖然 (su¯ır´an/ although) together with 還是 (h´aish`ı/ still) in the main clause; and 因為 (y¯ınw`ei/ because) together with 所以 (su´oy˘ı/ therefore.)


t¯a b´ud`an h˘en r`enzh¯en, ´erqi˘e y˘e h˘en n˘ul`ı 

He is not only very serious but also works very hard.

Other connectors like 既然 (j`ır´an/ since), 如果 (r´ugu˘o/ if), 假如 (ji˘ar´u/ if), and 只要 (zh˘ıy`ao/ if only), co-occur with ji`u (就)/y˘e (也) in the main clause in forming a conditional adverbial clause indicating hypothetical or counterfactual situations.


n˘ı r´ugu˘o b´u g`aos`u t¯a, t¯a ji`u b´u hu`ı zh¯ıd`ao zh`e-ji`an sh`ı
If you do not tell him, he then may not know this business.

Reference: Chinese: a linguistic introduction by Chao Fen Sun

answered Mar 27, 2018 by admin (25,520 points)
edited Apr 26, 2018 by admin

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