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Making Sense of Grammar
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What are the features of relative clauses connected by adverbs?
asked Mar 27, 2018 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by admin (23,690 points)

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This type of sentence structures renders the adverbials in the form of a NP with a relative clause marked by an adverbial connector, typically used to indicate time [d¯ang (當)/z`ai (在) . . . de sh´ıh`ou (的時候) "when"], [d¯ang (當)/z`ai (在) . . . y˘ıqi´an (以前) "before"], [d¯ang (當)/z`ai (在) . . . y˘ıh`ou (以後) "after"], as well as conditionals [r´ugu˘o (如果)/ji˘ar´u (假如)/zh˘ıy`ao (只要) . . . de hu`a (的話) "if"].

The adverbial connectors such as d¯ang (當) and z`ai (在) at the beginning of the clause can be deleted.

 當我回家的時候,路上出了車禍

(d¯ang) w˘o hu´ı ji¯a de sh´ıh`ou, l`u-sh`ang ch¯u-le ch¯e-hu`o 

When I returned home, (there was) a traffic accident on the road.

在我回家以後,路上出了車禍

(z`ai) w˘o hu´ı y˘ıh`ou l`u-sh`ang ch¯u-le ch¯e-hu`

After I returned home, (there was) a car accident on the road.

假如我回家的話,你就不會好好工作了

ji˘ar´u w˘o hu´ı ji¯a de hu`a, n˘ı ji`u h`ui b`u h˘ao-h˘ao 

If I went home, you would not work very hard.

Reference: Chinese: a linguistic introduction by Chao Fen Sun

answered Mar 27, 2018 by admin (23,690 points)
edited Apr 26, 2018 by admin
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