City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
+2 votes
為什麼可以說 "I believe him to be smart.",但是不能說 "I think him to be smart."?
asked Apr 3, 2018 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (23,690 points)
edited Apr 13, 2018 by admin

1 Answer

0 votes

believe 和 think 這兩個動詞的語意類型不同:

believe 有及物的用法:I believe you. I believe it. 後面可以接直接受詞,表達相信的對象。

但是 think 沒有及物用法:不能說 *I think you. 只能說:I think about him or I think that he is smart.

因為"想" 是認知動詞,後面要接子句,表達思想的內容。所以 ​I believe him to be smart. 是 believe 及物用法的延伸,而 think 沒有這個用法。

answered Apr 3, 2018 by admin (23,690 points)
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