Making Sense of Grammar
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為什麼可以說 "I believe him to be smart.",但是不能說 "I think him to be smart."?
asked Apr 3 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (19,380 points)
edited Apr 13 by admin

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believe 和 think 這兩個動詞的語意類型不同:

believe 有及物的用法:I believe you. I believe it. 後面可以接直接受詞,表達相信的對象。

但是 think 沒有及物用法:不能說 *I think you. 只能說:I think about him or I think that he is smart.

因為"想" 是認知動詞,後面要接子句,表達思想的內容。所以 ​I believe him to be smart. 是 believe 及物用法的延伸,而 think 沒有這個用法。

answered Apr 3 by admin (19,380 points)
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