City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
+2 votes
"There are some other points should be clarified or examined." 這個句子錯在哪裡?
asked Apr 12, 2018 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (23,690 points)
edited Apr 13, 2018 by admin

1 Answer

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*There are some other points should be clarified or examined.

這個問題句子就是典型的「中式英文」,中文是語意情境導向,在結構上沒有主從之分,動詞和小句間可隨意連結,學生往往受到中文的影響,就忘記英文句子的嚴謹要求。

一個子句只能有一個主要動詞,只能有一個帶時態的動詞,若是同時出現兩個動詞都帶有時態,之間又沒有主從之分,就成了所謂的「run-on sentence」,違反英文「一主一從」的標記原則。

既然前面已經用了一個帶有時態的主要動詞,就不能再直接用另一個動詞,必須用附屬標記來區隔。故這個句子應該改為:

There are some other points [that should be clarified].

             主要子句                      關係子句 (也是一種附屬子句修飾前面的名詞 points)

同理,我們不能說: *He can attend NCTU is because he studied hard. 

而必須說 :He can attend NCTU [because he studied hard.]

                          主要子句                       附屬子句 (表達原因)

answered Apr 12, 2018 by admin (23,690 points)
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