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Making Sense of Grammar
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What is the function of the pre-verbal adjunct modifier DE (地) in Chinese?

asked Apr 18, 2018 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by admin (25,520 points)
edited Apr 20, 2018 by admin | 752 views

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 DE (地) is a pre-verbal modifier that works with adverbial phrases. It is used after an adjective to form an adverb, describing the degree of the action (i.e. the verb). The structure is similar to English, in which some adjectives can be combined with suffix -ly to form adverbs.

媽媽小心地走

mā mā xiǎo xīn de zǒu

Mom walks carefully.

In contrast, DE (的) is a pre-head modification marker. The modifier precedes DE (的) is normally an adjective modifying the head noun.

小心的人

xiǎo xīn de rén

a careful person 

answered Apr 18, 2018 by admin (25,520 points)
edited Apr 20, 2018 by admin

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