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Making Sense of Grammar
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What are the functional differences between passive construction with Bèi (被) those without  Bèi (被)?

asked Apr 18, 2018 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by admin (25,240 points)
edited Apr 26, 2018 by admin | 181 views

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 Bèi (被) construction encompasses a strong sense of passiveness and involuntariness. When a non-human object is the subject of Bèi (被) construction, it means that the subject is in an undesirable state.

車被偷了

chē bèi tōu liǎo

The car is stolen.

When the subject of Bèi (被) construction is a human, it means that the subject is involuntarily affected by the action.

他被欺負了

tā bèi qī fù liǎo

He was bullied.

On the other hand,  the passive construction without Bèi (被) focuses on the topic and the resultative state of the topic as a result of the action. As a result, a weaker sense of responsibility of the doer is shown in topic-comment construction.

蘋果吃了。

Pingguo chi le

The apple was eaten. 

answered Apr 18, 2018 by admin (25,240 points)
edited Apr 20, 2018 by admin

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