City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
+2 votes

Except 和 besides 的涵義有何不同?

asked May 3, 2018 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (23,690 points)

7 Answers

+1 vote

中文說「除了⋯⋯以外」在語意上其實有兩種含意、兩個不同的面向:

1) 一種是「除了⋯⋯以外還有⋯⋯」,有增加補充、涵蓋在內的意思、如:in addition (to), besides:
Libraries offer various other services besides lending books.
In addition to a thick fog, there was heavy swell.

 

2) 另一種是「除了⋯⋯之外,其他都不一樣」,有排除、對比的功能,如except, except for:
We go to school every day except Sunday.
This book is good except for a few mistakes.

answered May 3, 2018 by admin (23,690 points)
+1 vote

1)besides是介词,意为“除了……以外(还有)”,具有肯定和附加的涵义,即表示“在……之外,还另加……”,后接名词、动词-ing形式或代词。如:
Besides English,he is good at French.除了英语以外,他的法语也很好。
2) except只作介词,是“除……之外(不包括本身在内)”的意思,有否定和排除的涵义,表示从整体中除去一部分。如:
We all succeed except him.除了他以外,我们都获得了成功。

answered Mar 6 by 117070200112lhh (280 points)
0 votes

except 不包括被排除的部分

besides 包括排除部分

但是在否定句里,except 与besides 相等。

answered Mar 8 by 117070200105zxk (380 points)
0 votes
前者是除了…以外还有…,后者是除了…之外(本身不包括在内)
answered Mar 8 by Kristin (380 points)
0 votes
besides和expect做介词讲时都有"除……之外"的意思,而besides的具体意思是"除了……之外(还)",把后接内容包括在内,具有补充说明包含在内的意思;expect把后接内容排除在外,具有排除对比的意思。
上诉两种含义均可用apart from
eg:(1)What other fruits do you like apart from apples.
(2)I like all fruits appart from apples.
answered Mar 8 by lxl118017100121 (390 points)
0 votes
except prep. 除…之外 (不包含该介词的宾语在内)

All the students go to park, except John. 除了约翰以外,所有的学生都去公园了。(约翰没去)

We go to school every day except Sunday. (星期日不上学)

besides prep. 除…之外还有(包含该介词的宾语在内)

All the students go to park, besides John. 除了约翰以外,所有的学生都去公园了。(约翰也去了)

We go to school every day besides Sunday. (星期日也要上学)
answered Mar 8 by 118070100202lfq (310 points)
0 votes
except means except,but besides means except.......but......
answered Mar 8 by 117070200103ych (300 points)
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