City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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词义辨析
asked Mar 8 in Questions about English Grammar by 118070100207hr (340 points)

1 Answer

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base:指基础,底部,多指露出地面的,有形的具体基础及支架。

例:The base of the column is quite firm.   这柱子的基础很牢固。

basis:指基础,根据,主要用于比喻,也指信念,议论等的根据

例:The basis of his opinion is something he read in the paper.  他意见的根据是从报纸上看来的。

foundation: 1. 建立,创办

例:The foundation of the university took place over 400 years ago.

该大学于400多年前创办。

2. 根本,基础,与basis 大致同义,但更具体,通常指建筑物的地基,也可引申为“根据”

例:The story has no foundation.  这个故事没有根据。
answered Mar 11 by 116070100215hl (3,260 points)
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