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Making Sense of Grammar
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動名詞與進行式有無關連? 

asked Oct 31, 2017 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (25,240 points)
edited Dec 4, 2017 by admin | 70 views

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動名詞與進行式的形式相同,都是 V-ing,表達的語意也相通,都是把動作看成 ongoing 的狀態,持續進行的動作,就像名詞般持續存在。我們熟悉的兩個動詞 spend 和 practice 後面也要用 V-ing,就是因為花時間「做」的事當然是在「進行」中: 

I spent two hours playing the piano.  

→「彈琴」的動作必然進行了一段時間 

I practiced the piano for two hours.

→ I practiced playing the piano for two hours. 

→ 彈琴練習必然進行了一段時間

總之,動名詞將動詞加上 -ing,賦予類似名詞的功能,V-ing 的形式同時標記了動作的持續性和名詞的存在性。  

answered Oct 31, 2017 by admin (25,240 points)
edited Dec 4, 2017 by admin

993 questions

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993 questions
1,285 answers
13 comments
7,389 users