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Making Sense of Grammar
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23. 名词子句that后面接什么内容?
asked Oct 31, 2017 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (25,540 points)
reshown Nov 26, 2021 by admin | 400 views

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基本上,that 所帶的子句是一個附屬子句,表達時空明確、語意完 整的一個獨立事件:

The good news is [that technology can solve the problem].

I believe [that technology can solve the problem].

一般用 that- 子句補充說明動詞所需的內容。「說、想」事件的語意上必須交代清楚「說了 什麼、想了什麼」,因此動詞後面須加上一個名詞子句。這個子句是獨立於主要子句之外 的事件,內容可以天馬行空,包含不同的時態及參與者 :

→I think / guess / remember [that Jeremy Lin came to town yesterday.] 子句

→He said / explained / claimed [that Jeremy Lin came to town yesterday.] 子句

→ I will tell my brother [that Jeremy Lin came to town yesterday.] 子句

上例中,思考溝通動詞後都帶一個 that- 子句,以補足思考溝通的內容。子句本身是個獨立 事件,其中的人、事、時、地可以和主要子句不同,也可以向主要時態對齊。主、從兩個子句的事件雖是各自獨立的,但語意上仍要考量彼此的搭配,時態上有互動性:

I found that he was a crook. → 感知上的共時發現 → 時間一致

I found out that he is crook. → 認知上的後設理解 = realized → 時間獨立

answered Oct 31, 2017 by admin (25,540 points)

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