City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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動詞後加子句時,補語標記 that 要不要出現?
asked Nov 2, 2017 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (23,690 points)
edited Dec 4, 2017 by admin

1 Answer

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這個問題要從標記與功能搭配的角度來考量:當 that 出現時,是清楚地將主要子句與附屬子句分開,給附屬成分加上一個明確的標示;若不出現,則少了一層標示。但溝通時,只要不會造成理解的困擾,that 是可以省略的。

省略與兩個因素有關:首先是主要動詞的使用頻率,頻率高、較常用的動詞,如 think / guess / say,後面的 that 比較常省略。另外要看說話者的選擇及文體的考量,一般而言,較口語、較不正式的文體中,較常省略 that:

I think you’d better re-consider your decision. → think 較口語、常用
I propose that you re-consider your decision. → propose 較正式、不常用 

由以上說明可知,動詞後該接哪一種形式,完全要看動詞所表達的語意類型而定。語意決定語法,事件的「語意類型」才是決定動詞用法的依據。 

answered Nov 2, 2017 by admin (23,690 points)
edited Dec 4, 2017 by admin
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