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Making Sense of Grammar
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動詞 continue 後面可以接 to-V,也可以接 V-ing,到底該用哪一個?
asked Nov 3, 2017 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (25,520 points)
edited Dec 4, 2017 by admin | 40,470 views

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continue 後面可以加不定詞 to-V, 也可加動名詞 V-ing, 例句如下: 

He continued to play basketball. 他先前打過了籃球,後再繼續 

He continued playing basketball. 他繼續不停地打籃球 

兩句話倒底有何不同?

形式的選擇由「語意」決定,不定詞和動名詞這兩種標記形式各有不同的語意內涵。從形式和功能的配搭關係來看, 不定詞 to-V 表達行動的目的、未來的目標(future goal),和前一個動作可能有時間間隔;動名詞 V-ing 則強調動作已發生且持續的進行(on-going),因此二者在時間的延續上有別 : 

He continued to play. → 可能中斷了一段時間,再繼續 

He continued playing. → 可能沒有間斷,一直繼續下去 

下面的例子加上了時間,就更清楚了: 

He continued to play basketball after lunch. → 中飯後繼續打

He continued playing basketball for the whole afternoon. → 整個下午不間斷 

除了 continue 以外,表示開始 start 和結束 stop 的動詞,也可能有不定詞和動名詞兩種用法,表達兩種語意。 

answered Nov 3, 2017 by admin (25,520 points)
edited Dec 4, 2017 by admin

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