City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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从句中which和that有时通用 那什么时候不可通用呢
asked Mar 11 in Questions about English Grammar by 118070100206zhuyilv (400 points)

5 Answers

0 votes

两种情况只能用which
1.关系代词前有介词时
eg:This is the hotel in which you will stay.
2.如有两个定语从句.其中一句的关系代词是that.另一句宜于用which.
eg:Let me show you the novel that I borrowed from the liberary which was newly open (新开放) to us.
只宜于用that的情况:
1.先行词是形容词最高级或者它的前面有形容词最高级时
eg:English is the most difficult subject that you will learn during these years.
2.先行词是序数词.或它的前面有一个序数词时 
eg:He is the last person that I want to see.
3.主句中已有疑问词时 
eg:Which is the bike that you lost?
4.先行词既有人又有物时 
eg:The bike and its rider that had run over (撞倒了)an old man were taken to the police station.
5.先行词是all.much.little.something.everything.anything.nothing.none.the one等代词时 
eg:You should hand in all that you have.
6.先行词前面有only.any.few.little.no.all.one of.the same.the very等词修饰时 
eg:The only thing that we can do is to give you some money.
7.有两个定语从句.其中一个关系代词已用which.另外一个宜用that 
eg:Edison built up a factory(办了一个工厂) which produced things that had never been seen before.

answered Mar 14 by 116050200313hd (140 points)
0 votes

that与which两者都可指物,常可互换。其区别主要在于:

1. 引导非限制性定语从句时,通常要用which。如:She received an invitation from her boss, which came as a surprise. 她收到了老板的邀请,这是她意想不到的。

2. 直接放在介词后作宾语时,通常要用which。如:The tool with which he is working is called a hammer. 他干活用的那个工具叫做锤子。

3. much, little, none, all, few, every(thing), any(thing), no(thing) 等时,通常用that。如:There was little that the enemy could do but surrender. 敌人无法,只有投降了。All [Everything] that can be done must be done. 凡能that can be done must be done.

4. 当先行词有the very, the only, the same 等修饰时,通常用that。如:This is the only example that I know. 我知道的例子只有这一个。Those are the very words that he used. 那是他的原话。

5. 当先行词有形容词最高级或序数词(包括last, next等)等修饰时,通常用that。如:。如:This is the best dictionary that I’ve ever used. 这是我用过的最好的词典。The first thing that you should do is to work out a plan. 你应该做的第一件事是订个计划。

6. 当关系代词在定语从句中用作表语时,通常用that。如:China is not the country (that) it was. 中国已不是过去的中国了。

7. 当先行词是一个既指人又指物的并列词组时,通常用that。如:They talked about the persons and things that most impressed them. 他们谈论了使他们印象最深的人和事。他们谈论了使他们印象最深的人和事。

8. 当要避免重复时。如:Which is the course that we are to take? 我们选哪门课程?

answered Mar 14 by 116030300312fb (8,840 points)
0 votes
从句是指一个句子中的一组词,但它包含自己的主语和谓语。关系从句(也叫定语从句)是表达说话人所指的人或物的一种从句。基本上,我们在关系从句中使用“who”、“whose”、“whom”、“that”和“which”。许多人在句子中使用“that”和“which”时左右为难。其实,“that”用来谈论事物,有时也用来谈论人,而“which”只用来讨论事物
answered Mar 14 by 116030500109wmm (340 points)
0 votes

引导定语从句的关系代词有:that(指人或物),which(指物),who (指人).指人时可用that或who ;指物时可用that 或which

answered Mar 15 by 118030200519ztt (260 points)
0 votes

定语从句(Attributive Clauses)在句中做定语,修饰一个名词或代词,被修饰的名词,词组或代词即先行词。定语从句通常出现在先行词之后,由关系词(关系代词或关系副词)引出。
关系代词有:who, whom, whose, that, which等。
关系副词有:when, where, why等。
关系代词引导的定语从句

关系代词所代替的先行词是人或物的名词或代词,并在句中充当主语、宾语、定语等成分。关系代词在定语从句中作主语时,从句谓语动词的人称和数要和先行词保持一致。

answered Mar 19 by 118030200518mlp (340 points)
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