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Making Sense of Grammar
+1 vote
Suggest有幾種用法?
asked Nov 3, 2017 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (23,690 points)
edited Dec 4, 2017 by admin

1 Answer

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suggest 後面的子句有三種形式:

I suggest that you leave right away. 原形動詞

I suggest that you should leave right away. → should + 原形動詞                                            

I suggest that he should have left already. → should + 完成式

◆ 這三種用法有各自的意義。原形動詞作補語表達時空上緊密相連的「立即性」。相較於不定詞和動名詞,以原形動詞做補語更能傳達出時空重疊的一體性。所以 suggest 後若加原形動詞,就像使役動詞般,表達出事件彼此牽連的急迫感: 

I suggest that you leave right away.
→ 最好馬上離開,不要耽擱,後面加上 right away 更顯急迫

I suggest that you should leave.
→ 加了 should 就客氣多了,你應該離開,但還有點時間可以考慮一下

◆ suggest 後面加上 should + 完成式則是假設完成式,表達對事實的猜測:

I suggested that Mary should have left already. → Mary 應該已經離開了

這個句子中的 suggest 語意已經跟前兩句不同了,不是「建議」,而是「推測」。

answered Nov 3, 2017 by admin (23,690 points)
edited Dec 4, 2017 by admin
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